Course detail

LET5813 - Insect Biology


Credit hours

In-class work
per week
Practice
per week
Credits
Duration
Total
3
3
12
15 weeks
180 hours

Instructor
Fernando Luis Consoli
José Roberto Postali Parra

Objective
Rearing techniques and insect nutrition for biological control purposes and other methods for IPM implementation. Importance of rearing techniques. Rearing techniques considering biotic and abiotic factors affecting insect development. Artificial diets for the most important Agriculture pests. Biological Control programs (classical and applied or augmentative) including natural enemies reared "in vitro" and "in vivo".

Content
Insect metamorphosis. Rearing techniques and steps of insect biological study in laboratory. Abiotic factors and insect biology (temperature, RH, protoperiod). Sex dimorphism in insects. Insect Diapause. Principles of Insect Nutrition and insect feeding: historic and terminology used for artificial diets. Insect nutritional requirements and artificial diets for different Insect orders. Criteria for artificial diet evaluation: morphological, biometric, nutritional and life table. Insect Digestion. Facilities for insect rearing. Insect mass production. Entomopathogens and insect rearing: microbial management. Quality Control of insects reared in laboratory. Rearing techniques in vivo and in vitro for natural enemies. Rearing techniques for different purposes (biological control, toxicology, ecology, biochemestry, molecular biology, physiology, pathology, etc). Soil Insects.

Bibliography
BELLOWS, T.S. & T.W. FISHER (eds.). 1999. Handbook of biological control. Academic Press, 1046p.
BIGLER, F.; D. BABENDREIER & U. KUHLMANN. 2006. Environmental impacto of invertebrates for biological controlo of arthropods: methods and risk assessment. Cambridge: CABI, 299p.
BUENO, V.H.P. (ed.). 2009. Controle biológico de pragas: produção massal e controle de qualidade, 2. ed., revista, ampliada. Lavras: Ufla, 430p.
COHEN, A.C. 2004. Insect diets. Science and Technology. CRC Press, 324p.
CÔNSOLI, F.L.; PARRA, J.R.P.; ZUCCHI, R.A. (eds.) Egg parasitoids in agroecosystems with emphasis on Trichogramma. New York: Springer, 2010. 479p. (Progress in Biological Control, 9)
GODFRAY, H.C.J. 1994. Parasitoids: behavioral and evolutionary ecology. Princeton University Press, 473p.
JERVIS, M. A. (ed.). 2005. Insects as natural enemies: a practical perspective. Springer, 798p.
KING, E. G. & N.C. LEPPLA (eds.). 1984. Advances and challenges in insect rearing. USDA, ARS, 306p.
LEPPLA, N.C. & T.R. ASHLEY (eds.). 1978. Facilities for insect research and production. USDA, 86p. (Technical Bulletin 1576).
MORALES-RAMOS, J.A.; ROJAS, M.G.; SHAPIRO-ILAN, I.D. (eds.). Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms: Invertebrates and Entomopathogens. Londa, UK: Academic Press, 2014. 742p.
PANIZZI, A.R. & J.R.P. PARRA (eds.). 2009. Bioecologia e nutrição de insetos: base para o manejo integrado de pragas. Brasília, Embrapa Informação Tecnológica, 1164p.
PANIZZI, A. R. & J. R. P. PARRA (eds.). 2012. Insect Biology and Nutrition for Integrated Pest Management. Boca Raton, CRC, 732 p.
PARRA, J.R.P. & R.A. ZUCCHI (eds.). 1997. Trichogramma e o controle biológico aplicado. Piracicaba, Fealq, 324p.
PARRA, J.R.P. 2005. Técnicas de criação de insetos para programas de controle biológico. Fealq/Esalq/USP/ Depto. de Entomologia, 134p.
PARRA, J.R.P.; P.S.M. BOTELHO; B.S. CORRÊA-FERREIRA; J.M. SIMÕES BENTO. 2002. Controle biológico no Brasil: parasitóides e predadores. São Paulo: Manole, 635p.
SCHNEIDER, J.C. (ed.). 2009. Principles and procedures for rearing high quality insects. Mississipi: Mississippi State University, 352p.
SINGH, P. & R.F. MOORE (eds.). 1985. Handbook of insect rearing. Elsevier, 2v.
van LENTEREN, J.C. 2003. Quality control and production of biological control agents. Theory and testing procedures, CAB Publishing, 327p.